Agriculture is the art of growing crops like fruits and vegetables for consumption or sale. Agriculture is the backbone of every country’s economy since it provides foods, employment and raw materials to people. Below are the benefits of agriculture.
Contribution to National Revenue
In most developing countries, agriculture is the main source of income. For example in East Africa, Kenya is the leading country that imports tea and coffee. The coffee produced is then sold to developed countries, and this raises a country’s revenue.
Agriculture provides food both local and international levels. With insufficient crops and livestock, the world would have a limited and unreliable supply of food. Most people would live a nomadic life of moving from one place to another in search of food. Agriculture provides enough food for companies to process and pack and are used when there is little production. For example, when beans are not in season, people buy processed beans which were manufactured when the supply was high. This ensures the supply of food is sufficient.
Source of Raw Materials
For industries to run efficiently, they need a good supply of raw materials. The raw materials can range from cotton, pyrethrum, tobacco or sugarcane. Agriculture ensures there is a constant supply of these raw materials to keep industries running. For example, sugar companies need a good supply of sugarcane to continue its operation. Insecticide companies also require pyrethrum as a raw material.
Cleaning the Air
Agriculture helps in balancing the air. During the day, Crops inhale carbon dioxide and exhale oxygen during photosynthesis. Human beings and animals inhale the oxygen and exhale carbon dioxide. If the plants exhaled carbon dioxide, there would be a completion for air. Crops help reduce the carbon dioxide which leads to global warming.
Reduction In Soil Erosion And Flooding
Growing of plants like sweet potatoes and trees for human consumption helps prevent soil erosion. Soil erosion can occur due to heavy rains and winds. The plant’s roots hold firmly on the ground, during heavy rains minimizing erosion. Also, areas with trees and grass are less likely to flood since the plants absorb a lot of water before water runoff occurs. This helps conserve the soil and prevent water pollution by soil sediments and chemicals used in agriculture.
Source of Savings
Some people depend wholly on agriculture practices and have no other source of income, they produce and sell their products. This enables them to save money and use it later to develop their farms or improve their living standards.
Agriculture also helps corporations save, for example, Souplanation restaurants offer attractive coupons on their food by decreasing their price to attract more customers thus increasing their sales and revenue.
Agriculture is the source of dairy products, meats, fruits, and vegetables. Al these are full of nutrients which are recommended by doctors to lead a healthy life. These nutrients enable the body to increase its resistant to disease which is caused by nutrients deficiency. For example, bananas are an excellent source of calcium which is needed for bone formation.
Most countries depend on agricultural products to for export, example tobacco, flowers, tea, and coffee. Since not all countries can export electronics and other goods, agriculture ensures there is a good treaty between countries. Countries that trade together maintain peace and support each other during conflicts.
Agriculture sector helps reduce the rate of unemployment in the nation by providing employment to the labour force. Also, farming activities like building irrigation schemes provide employment. Industries that manufacture agricultural products need personnel to run the workforce, and this is an excellent employment opportunity for people. For example Souplanation restaurants are famous for their soups and salads and need a motivated workforce to serve their customers. These restaurants create employment to locals.